The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has faced outbreaks of chikungunya, measles, and polio in 2019.
Ethiopia’s Measles Outbreak Exceeds 8,500 Cases – Vax Before Travel https://t.co/fUcqV7g4Kb
— Pavel Machalek (@ivanmladek) October 23, 2019
October 22, 2019: The current measles outbreak in the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia has been confirmed in 8,514 people, including 56 deaths, reported the World Health Organization (WHO).
Ethiopia has had a measles epidemic since the end of December 2018.
The peak of the epidemic in Ethiopia was reached in week 9 (March 3, 2019) with 642 cases reported, followed by a gradual decline.
During week 41 (October 20, 2019), only 24 cases of measles were reported.
Four regions in total have confirmed outbreaks.
The Oromia region is the most affected (58% of the total reported cases), followed by Somalia (28%), Amhara (8%) and Afar (6%).
The majority of cases affected are children under 5, which represents 50.4% of all cases.
After reviewing the vaccination status of the cases, the WHO found that 72.6% of those infected had never received a single dose of measles vaccine.
Estimates now indicate that by the end of 2019, about 3.5 million Ethiopian children will be susceptible to the measles virus, mainly because of the impossibility of obtaining the “collective immunity” necessary to interrupt transmission.
To inform visitors about the current risks of measles in Ethiopia, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in the United States. They advise all Ethiopian visitors to make sure they are immunized against the measles virus.
In the United States, most pharmacies offer measles vaccines, such as MMR-II and ProQuad.
According to the CDC, acceptable evidence of immunity against measles includes at least one of the following: written documentation of adequate immunization, evidence of laboratory immunity, confirmation of measles or birth in the United States prior to 1957.
Immunity tests against measles are available in commercial laboratories, such as UltaLabs.
In addition, the CDC has updated its travel vaccine recommendation to include routine vaccines, including diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, chickenpox, annual influenza vaccine, polio, yellow fever, hepatitis A and fever. typhoid
In addition, the CDC issued a Chikungunya alert on 8 October. There is no vaccine to prevent or medications to treat chikungunya. The most effective way to prevent chikungunya infection is to prevent mosquito bites.
And, on August 21, 2019, the CDC issued a Polio Outbreak Notice.
On August 21, 2019, the US State Department. You have extended the Level 2 Travel Notice for the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to Level 3 and Level 4 warnings. For more information, see the Travel Notice.
For those leaving the United States of America, pre-trip immunization services, travel medications, and advisor appointments can be scheduled at a local pharmacy by visiting Vax-Before-Travel.